To maintain high-quality scientific contents in all journals, we follow the below standard editorial Process.


  • The entire editorial process is performed by using the automated online Editorial Managing System.
  • Once a manuscript is submitted to the Editorial Managing System (EMS) it will generate a paper id for the particular submission for future reference of the author and acknowledgment will be sent to the author for the receipt of the submission.


  • The next step the Editor-in-Chief assigns the manuscript to an associate editor for review based on his/her research fields. If the Editor-in-Chief is too busy to process the manuscript for the review process then the journal’s managing editor will assign the manuscript to an associate editor based on his or her research interest and expertise.


  • If the associate editor determines that the manuscript is not of sufficient quality to go through the normal review process or if the subject of the manuscript is not appropriate to the journal, the editor rejects the manuscript with no further processing. The rejection letter is sent to the corresponding author. If the editor determines that the submitted manuscript is of sufficient quality and falls within the scope of the journal, he or she assigns the manuscript to a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 5 external reviewers for peer-review.


  • The agreed reviewers submit their review reports on the manuscripts along with their recommendations of one of the following actions to the associate editor:
    • Accepted: Without any change.
    • Revision: Minor Changes/Major Changes.
    • Reject: Manuscript is seriously flawed or the finding is already published in the literature.
  • Any manuscript must be positively recommended by one or more (usually two or more) external reviewers along with the editor in charge of the manuscript in order for it to be accepted for publication in the journal. This is to ensure a high-quality, fair, and unbiased peer-review process for every manuscript submitted to the journal.


  • When all reviewers have submitted their reports, the associate editor can make one of the following editorial decisions:
    • Accepted: Without any change.
    • Revision: Either minor or major Changes be made for a re-evaluation of the manuscript.
    • Reject: Manuscript is seriously flawed and cannot be revised for a possible acceptance.


  • In the case of a minor or major revision and re-submission, the authors are requested to revise their manuscripts in accordance with the recommendations made by the reviewers as well as the associate editor and to submit their revised manuscript in a timely manner. Once the revised manuscript is submitted, the associate editor reviews the manuscript. If he or she is satisfied with the revisions made by the author, the associate editor can then make an editorial decision of either acceptance, further revision, or rejection.

    The editor cannot assign himself or herself the role as an external reviewer of the manuscript. Also, if two of the reviewers recommend rejecting the manuscript, it is highly recommended that the manuscript be rejected.


  • In the case of a revision and re-submission, the associate editor’s recommendations and the revised article are sent to the Editor-in-Chief for re-consideration. If the final decision of the Editor-in-Chief is to accept the manuscript for publication, the editor-in-chief notifies the associate editor and the author of the decision, and the manuscript is moved to the production process.

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