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International Journal of Mechanical Systems Engineering Volume 1 (2015), Article ID 1:IJMSE-108, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.15344/2455-7412/2015/108
Research Article
A State-of Art of Creative Sensor Devices Utilizing Magneto- Rheological Fluids

Suresh Kaluvan, Hwan-Choong Kim, Jong-Seok Oh and Seung-Bok Choi*

Smart Structures and Systems Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
Dr. Seung-Bok Choi, Smart Structures and Systems Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea; E-mail: seungbok@inha.ac.kr
03 July 2015; 20 November 2015; 23 November 2015
Kaluvan S, Kim HC, Oh JS, Choi SB (2015) A State-of Art of Creative Sensor Devices Utilizing Magneto- Rheological Fluids. Int J Mech Syst Eng 1: 108. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15344/2455-7412/2015/108
This work was supported by Inha University Research Grant and BK21 Plus Project Directed by Korea National Research Foundation.

Abstract

This article presents the state-of-the-art sensors design based on magneto-rheological (MR) fluid. In smart materials, the magneto-rheological fluid is one of the prominent material, which changes rheological properties on application of magnetic field. The MR fluid is mainly used for designing the dampers, clutches and mounts for heavy vehicle systems. However, the MR fluid can also be used for sensor design applications, which has not been much reported in the literature. This review paper summarizes the design of following novel sensors such as resonant, current, magnetic flux and tactile sensors designed using MR fluid. First, this article introduces the design and development of resonant based measurement system used for studying the properties of magneto rheological fluid. Secondly, this paper discusses about the novel electrical current measurement technique using MR fluid in shear mode of operation. This paper discuss on the design of novel variable resistor using the behavioural change of MR fluid in third. Finally, the design of tactile display utilizing magneto rheological fluid is introduced and discussed. Tactile display is used in robotic system in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) to provide a surgeon tactile information of touching remote biological tissues or organs. This review article will motivate the readers to design the novel sensors using magneto-rheological fluid with advanced technology.