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International Journal of Mechanical Systems Engineering Volume 1 (2015), Article ID 1:IJMSE-103, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.15344/2455-7412/2015/103
Research Article
Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Wastes Incineration in Rotary Kilns: Model Development and Validation

Ehab Hussein Bani-Hani1*, Mahmoud Hammad2, Ali Matar2, Ahmad Sedaghat1 and Khalil Khanafer1

1School of Engineering, AustralianCollege of Kuwait, P.O. Box 1411, Safat13015, Kuwait
2Faculty of Engineering and Technology, the University of Jordan, Amman11942, Jordan
Dr. Ehab Hussein Bani-Hani, School of Engineering, AustralianCollege of Kuwait, P.O. Box 1411, Safat13015, Kuwait; E-mail: e.hani@ack.edu.kw
01 March 2015; 01 May 2015; 03 May 2015
Bani-Hani EH, Hammad M, Matar A, Sedaghat A, Khanafer K (2015) Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Wastes Incineration in Rotary Kilns, Part I: Model Development and Validation. Int J Mech Syst Eng 1: 103. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15344/2455-7412/2015/103

Abstract

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) are among hazardous wastes that must be incinerated for environmental and health protection. A dynamic model is introduced for the incineration of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in a rotary kiln. The model accounts for variations in composition and process conditions. The effects of excess air and the number of chlorine atoms in the structure of the PCBs are included in the incineration process. A MATLAB code was developed to solve the set of stiff nonlinear equations of PCBs incineration. The proposed incineration model was found to be in good agreement with the experimental data reported in the literature under ordinary feeding conditions for chlorinated compounds.