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International Journal of Clinical & Medical Microbiology Volume 1 (2016), Article ID 1:IJCMM-103, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.15344/2456-4028/2016/103
Research Article
The Role of Tigecycline in the Era with Multi-drug Resistant Organisms (MDROs) the Experience of a Medical Center in Taiwan

Mei-Chun Lee1,3, Chien-Hung Lu1, Wei-Ying Lee1 and Chun-Ming Lee2,3,4,5*

1Department of Pharmacy, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
2Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
3Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, Taiwan
4MacKay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan
5Department of Internal Medicine, St. Joseph’s Hospital, Yunlin County, Taiwan
Chun-Ming Lee, 74, Sinsheng Rd., Huwei Township, Yunlin County, Taiwan, Tel: +886-5-6337333 Fax: +886-5-6325079; E-mail: leecm4014@yahoo.com.tw
23 January 2016; 28 February 2016; 03 March 2016
Lee MC, Lu CH, Lee WY, Lee CM (2016) The Role of Tigecycline in the Era with Multi-drug Resistant Organisms (MDROs) the Experience of a Medical Center in Taiwan. Int J Clin Med Microbiol 1: 103. doi: https://doi.org/10.15344/2456-4028/2016/103

Abstract

Background: With the rapid growing of multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) and a lack of newly developed antimicrobial agent, tigecycline has been given high hopes and expectations as a candidate to treat all these MDROs except Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis.
Methods: All hospitalized adult subjects who received treatment with tigecycline were enrolled at a medical center in Northern Taiwan. Patients treated with tigecycline for 48 hours were excluded.
Results: Almost half patients were shown to have successful clinical response to tigecycline (151/309; 49%), with high clinical success observed in complicated skin and skin structure infections (101/137; 74%). Treatment failure was mostly seen in hospital-acquired pneumonias with MDROs isolates (83/100; 83%). The mortality rate was 27% (84/309), which was mainly due to hospital acquired pneumonias (48/101; 48%).
Conclusion: Our study show good efficacy of tigecycline in the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections. Regarding to the treatment of pneumonia, ineffective response was seen as most patients with HAP in our study. Its use in treating other infections not yet approved by the current guidelines requires further research to obtain enough evidence for future approval.