International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapy Volume 3 (2018), Article ID 3:IJCPP-140, 6 pages
Research Article
Clinical Outcomes from Tamoxifen Drug-herb Interactions

Campos Maria Graça1,2*, Mariana Cupido1, Raquel Tavares1 and Raquel Consul1

1Observatory of Drug-Herb Interactions/ Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra, Health Sciences Campus, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, Coimbra, Portugal
2Coimbra Chemistry Centre, University of Coimbra, Rua Larga, Coimbra, Portugal
Dr. Campos Maria Graça, Observatory of Drug- Herb Interactions/ Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra, Health Sciences Campus, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, Coimbra Portugal; E-mail:
31 May 2018; 06 August 2018; 08 August 2018
Graça CM, Cupido M, Tavares R, Consul R (2018) Clinical Outcomes from Tamoxifen Drug-herb Interactions. Int J Clin Pharmacol Pharmacother 3: 140. doi:


Background: Tamoxifen is an important drug in chemotherapy being part of various protocols in cancer treatment, but is not universally effective even when used before surgery or in preventing recurrence. Pharmacogenetic variability in drug metabolism is one possible mechanism of treatment failure. We hypothesize that Drug-Herb Interactions (DHI) contribute in disease outcomes, nevertheless the functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in drug metabolizing enzymes that activate cytochrome enzymes.
Methods: We performed a retrospective study in the last 9 years of clinical cases enrolled in follow up of Observatory of Drug-Herb Interactions, University of Coimbra - Portugal (, and the data collected will be discussed in this paper. Data obtained from PubMed and from PubChem Compounds with preference given to the data obtained during the last 10 years, was also obtained. The search terms were varied depending of the Clinical situation.
Results: From our experience, in order to avoid the major predictable DHI more observational trials should be carried out for therapeutic protocols associated to tamoxifen. The most consumed, fruits and vegetables, medicinal plants and other natural products associated to the intake of tamoxifen were, for example, Orange and Better juice, Aloe, Geranium, Saint John Wort leaves and flowers, roots as Astragalus, Curcuma, Ginger, Ginseng, Rehmanniae and Valeriana, mushrooms as Coriolus, Maitake, Shiitake and Reishi.
Conclusions: Based on the major compounds involved in those products will be predictable how to advice patients doing this kind of treatment and follow a possible therapy failure, or even a toxic event. Our group did a flyer with the main possible interactions selected for DHI with Tamoxifen. This it will be given to patients doing therapy with tamoxifen, helping them to be a aware of the situation and involving all in the resolution for a better outcome (it will be available in our website as other materials for download already posted there).