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International Journal of Clinical & Medical Microbiology Volume 1 (2016), Article ID 1:IJCMM-104, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.15344/2456-4028/2016/104
Research Article
The most Common Causes of Cervico-vaginal Infections Among Sudanese Women Complainingof Vaginal Discharge

Osman Imam Ahmed1, Ihab Hamed Nourein2, Moawia A Elbadri3, Ahmed Elbasheer Abdelgadir4, Ietimad AM Ayed5 and Mohammed HF Shalayel6*

1Department of Histopathology, College of Medical Lab, University of Medical Sciences, Sudan
2Department of Histopathology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Najran University, KSA
3Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Najran University, KSA
4Department of Hematology, College of Medical Laboratories, University of Medical Sciences, Sudan
5Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Omdurman Islamic University, Sudan
6Professor of Biochemistry and Specialist of Dermatology and Venereology, College of Medicine, Najran University, KSA
Mohammed HF Shalayel, Professor of Biochemistry and Specialist of Dermatology and Venereology, College of Medicine, Najran University, KSA; E-mail: drmhfs@hotmail.com
07 December 2015; 05 March 2016; 07 March 2016
Ahmed OI, Nourein IH, Elbadri MA, Abdelgadir AE, Ayed IA, et al. (2016) The most Common Causes of Cervico-vaginal Infections Among Sudanese Women Complainingof Vaginal Discharge. Int J Clin Med Microbiol 1: 104. doi: https://doi.org/10.15344/2456-4028/2016/104

Abstract

Background: Cervico-vaginal infection is one of the most common problems in clinical medicine. This study aimed to the most common causes of cervical-vaginal infections among Sudanese women complaining of vaginal discharge.
Method: Cross-sectional hospital based study that had carried out on one hundred non-pregnant women complaining of vaginal discharge attended at gynecology department – Khartoum teaching hospital. All subjects had signed informed consent. Smear from all collected samples were prepared and stained with Papanicolaou Stain for cytological evaluation. Descriptive and analytical statistics (chi – square test) were applied using SPSS (Version 20).
Results: The result showed that the majority of subjects were from central and northern of Sudan. The mean age of women was (29) The most common microorganisms seen were bacilli bacteria (49%), followed by candida (18%), Actinomycesisraelii, Leptothrix spp. and Gardnerellavaginalis were (2%), (2%), and (1%) respectively. Statistically no significant association between infection and age group, circumcision, geographical location, and occupation, p value of all these variables was above than significant level 0.05.
Conclusion: The most prevalent infections were bacterial vaginosis and candida albicans. This is consistent with the results of many studies although other studies reported different results.