International Journal of Clinical Research & Trials Volume 2 (2017), Article ID 2:IJCRT-111, 4 pages
Research Article
Open Label Clinical Trial of Hydrogen Brain Food for 91 Alzheimer's Patients (Targeting Therapy for Homocysteic Acid in Blood is an Alzheimer's Cognitive Recovery)

Tohru Hasegawa1* and Yasubumi Uchida2

1Saga Woman Junior College, Saga 849-8440, Japan
2Saga Memorial Hospital, Takagise, 849-0917, Saga, Japan
Dr. Tohru Hasegawa, Saga Woman Junior College ,1313 Honjomachi Oaza Honjo, Saga, Saga Prefecture 840-8440, Japan; E-mail:
06 December 2016; 10 January 2017; 12 January 2017
Hasegawa T, Uchida Y (2017) Open Label Clinical Trial of Hydrogen Brain Food for 91 Alzheimer's Patients (Targeting Therapy for Homocysteic Acid in Blood is an Alzheimer's Cognitive Recovery). Int J Clin Res Trials 2: 111. doi:


Introduction: Exercise and antioxidant nutrition based food are good prevention for Alzheimer’s Disease. But why are these preventions effective to prevent AD? Recent our findings that human AD patients could not excrete homocysteic acid (HA) into urine and their blood HA was a good marker for the cognitive decline in AD, which indicated that the treatment for HA in blood can be a good therapy for the recovery of cognitive decline of AD.
Methods: We have developed new food supplement which can compete with HA and also reduce the sulfite group of HA. We named this supplement as HBF. We observed the effect of HBF on 91 AD patients as an open labeled clinical trial.
Results: In fact we have developed the brain food which can decrease HA in blood. And we have observed that the open-labeled clinical trial of HBF (hydrogen brain food) for 91 AD patients was good positive results. Even the final stage of AD patients, their cognitive behavior was surprisingly recovered.
Discussions: From our observations, it is suggested that targeting homocysteic acid in blood is a good therapy for the cognitive recovery of AD and also suggested that exercise and antioxidant nutrition food also can decrease HA in blood partially and these methods are good preventions for AD, because normal person’s HA level in blood is very low.

1. Introduction

People thinks that Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a fatal disease and if someone became AD, his or her life will be end. There is no hope for AD. Is it a true? Why does people think so? Our scientific efforts could not succeed to clarify the true AD pathogen. At present amyloid hypothesis [1] is still strong power in AD field. However this hypothesis could not succeed to recover the AD cognitive impairment. Why? Many scientists think that the amyloid treatment was too late for AD patients whose neuronal damage was proceeding and amyloid treatment could not stop these damage. Is it a true? If amyloid is a true pathogen, the neuronal damage can be stopped and their cognitive ability can be recovered or can be stopped to decline.

There is a nun study [2]. From this research we have noticed that there was a big discrepancy between the pathological AD change and the brain cognitive activity. For example, sister Mary’s observation. She was very active cognition in her later life, but after her death, her brain showed the typical AD brain. Why did she show so active cognition even in her AD brain? Yes, we say that her brain showed the cognitive reserve ability [3]. From these studies, we have some ideas that if we can decrease the true pathogen, we can bring back AD brain to some recovered cognitive abilities and their brains can show some cognitive reserve abilities. We have developed some brain food which could decrease HA in blood. 91 patients took this supplement for 2 months and their cognitive behaviors were measured with NM scale and we have observed the strong recovery of all patients (100%) and even final stage of AD patients showed the cognitive recovery as such. From our first open-labeled results, we could recover the cognitive abilities or we could bring back the AD to the cognitive reserve abilities by the decreasing HA in blood.

2. Materials and Methods

Our open labeled clinical trial was all accepted by the ethics committee of Saga University hospital.

  1. Green tea ingestion trial. 6 woman volunteers agreed this clinical trial. Green tea leaves were made into powder of 1g in capsule. The volunteers ingested this capsule at every meal for 2 months. Before and after this clinical trial, their 1ml of blood and spot urine were collected to measure HA level. Also their MMSE score was measured before and after this clinical trial.
  2. 91 patients who are all in various care houses and are suffering from Alzheimer’s demenita. Male 30 (56-85years old), Female 61 (68-91 years old). Their profiles is updated in supplement data. They took our brain food, HBF(active Hydrogen brain food), for 2 months.

    Their family agreed to take our supplement in sentence. The ethics committee of care house agreed our clinical trial.

  3. NM scale: ( Mental condition standard for N-type old age people) According to the NM scale, doctors or caregivers measured their patients behavior and estimated behaviour’s score according topatientsbehavior. Behaviour’s score were estimated by 5 items. That is, (1)housework and personal life rearrangement, (2) interest and his will (3)his conversation (4) memory (5) orientation=cognitional function. Each item has 10 score. Total score is 50.

    Total score: 0-16=final stage, 17-30=middle stage, 31-42=earlier stage, 43-50=normal

  4. MMSE score: Mini Mental State Examination
    All patients’ MMSE score were measured after 6 months HBF ingestion.
  5. Our HBFsupplement:
    Dr Patrick Flanagan’s hydrogen powder: 0.05g- 0.1g
    Coral calcium : 0.5g
    Ferulic acid : 0.6g-1g
    Green tea powder : 0.6g
    Cacao powder : 0.6g
    Ligusticum acutilobum : 0.1g
    Ascorbic acid : 0.2g
  6. HA was measured by ELISA method. Measurement of HA in blood:

2.1 ELISA method

Principle of the Assay: The microtiter plate provided in this kit has been pre-coated with an antibody specific to Hcy. Standards or samples are then added to the appropriate microtiter plate wells with a biotin-conjugated antibody preparation specific for Hcy and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) is added to each microplate well and incubated. Then a TMB (3,3',5,5' tetramethylbenzidine) substrate solution is added to each well. Only those wells that contain Hcy, biotin-conjugated antibody and enzyme-conjugated Avidin will exhibit a change in color. The enzyme-substrate reaction is terminated by the addition of a sulphuric acid solution and the color change is measured spectrophotometrically at a wavelength of 450 nm +/- 2 nm. The concentration of Hcy in the samples is then determined by comparing the O.D. of the samples to the standard curve. (the copy from MyBioSource co.)

3. Results

3.1 The effect of green tea leaves on MMSE score and HA in blood

It is well-known that green tea can prevent Alzheimer disease (1), then we are interested in the healing-like effect of green tea on the cognition. 6 Alzheimer’s dementia patients in one care house agreed the ingestion of green tea leaves for every meal. They took this green tea leaves for 2 months. Before and after 2 months, their MMSE score and HA in blood measured.

6 Alzheimer’s patients were all female. Their ages were 77, 82, 86,87, 91, 91. Green tea powder induced MMSE change and their blood HA change. The results were shown in Figure 1. 3 patients showed the decrease change in blood HA (number 1,2,5), but two patients showed the increase (number 3,4) and 1 patient showed no change (number 6).

figure 1
Figure 1: The effect of green tea leaves on MMSE score and HA in blood.

On the other hand, their MMSE score change were as follow: Number 1 :6 to 9, Number 2: 8 to 10, Number 3: 16 to 14, Number 4: 20 to 16 Number 5: 19 to 22, Number 6: 24 to 26.

The relationship between the blood HA change and MMSE score change. The result is shown in Figure 2. Clearly shown in Figure 2, the relationship between blood HA change (percent change) and MMSE score change is strong negative statistical significant (r=-0.96, p=0.00018, n=6).

figure 2
Figure 2: The relationship between MMSE score change and HA in blood change Blood HA level change is shown as (after-before)/before x 100, MMSE scorechange is shown as after-before.

3.2 Open-labeled clinical trial of 91 AD patients

From 1 experiment, we understood that HA in blood was related to MMSE score. In other words, HA in blood is suggested to control MMSE score, or HA in blood may control the cognitive ability. If we can develop some supplement to decrease HA in blood, the cognitive recovery can be gotten in AD patients. First we observed the effect of our supplement on HA in blood. First 8 male volunteers who are suffering from memory problem and whose ages were 65-75 years old took our supplement for 2 months. Their memory problem were all disappeared and their blood HA were measured. The results are shown in Figure 3 Clearly shown in Figure 3, their blood HA were decreased after 2 months ingestion of our supplement.

figure 3
Figure 3: Effect of HBF on blood homocysteic acid level. HA in blood was measured by ELISAmethod.

From this observation, we conducted the open-labeled clinical trial of 91 AD patients. The results are shown in Figure 4. 100% all patients increased their NM scores. These all date are summarized with statistically analysis. The result is shown in Table 1 (supplementary files). The results were really amazing. Even final stage of patients showed the recovery process as such. However they were still suffering from memory problem. But they could understand the conversation, they could greet the caregivers. They did not recognize their families, but after taking supplement, they could recognize their families. Some middle stage of AD patients, especially case 4, his cognitive recovery was perfect and he completely recovered to normal.

figure 4
Figure 4: Open-labeled clinical trial of 91 ADpatients.

Figure 5 shows the MMSE score of all patients. Final stage patients did not increase their MMSE score. All final patients showed 0 score.

figure 5
Figure 5: MMSE change induced by HBF.

4. Discussion

4.1 The effect of green tea leaves on MMSE score and HA inblood

We were interested in the healing-like effect of green tea on the cognition of AD. Unfortunately this green tea healing-effect was transient. This healing- effect could not observed constantly. That is, after 3 months, this healing- effect was disappeared. Maybe green tea induced the drug-metabolizing enzyme.

We observed the relationship between blood HA level and MMSE score. And Figure 2 shows the very strong perfect relationship between blood HA level change and MMSE score change. From Figure 2 result, we can say that

blood HA can control the MMSE score change. That is, blood HA can control the cognitive ability in Alzheimer’s patient.

Why can the blood HA control cognitive ability inpatients?

First HA is a glutamate neurotransmitter and HA itself can induce neurodegeneration at a higher level with no amyloid (4), and the HA toxicity induces a calcium influx (5) or a mitochondrial inhibition (6) or oxidative stress (4) to bring the neuronal disfunction.

NMDA receptor in blood brain barrier (BBB) can control its permeability [7,8]. Then the blood HA can increase the permeability of BBB and HA can pass through BBB and enters into hippocampus, because hippocampus’s BBB is very thin [9]. And entered HA can interact with already accumulated amyloid beta and HA increases its neurotoxicity, because amyloid beta increases HA toxicity (unpublished observation).

In a study published in Nature [10,11], Stanford University School of Medicine scientists have found substances in the blood of old mice that makes young brains act older. These substances, whose levels rise with increasing age, appear to inhibit the brain’s ability to produce new nerve cells critical to memory and learning.

The findings raise the question of whether it might be possible to shield the brain from aging by eliminating or mitigating the effects of these apparently detrimental blood-borne substances.

APOE4 is the gene involved in the mechanism of development of AD. APOE4 increases the permeability of Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) [12], which allows the pathogen in the peripheral blood to pass BBB and disturb the brain functions. This report indicates the possibility of APOE4 early-onset gene.

Finally, the third report [13] describes an actual early patient of AD showing the destruction of hippocampal BBB. However, these reports did not describe which pathogen in the blood is involved and what resulted in an increased BBB permeability in aged hippocampus.

It has been reported that homocysteic acid (HA) is the probable pathogen of AD in blood [14-17], and it increases BBB permeability by NMDA receptor activation [18]. Especially it is interesting that HA can induce the amyloid β-42 which accumulated into neuronal cell [17]. HA is known as a glutamate receptor agonist [19]. JAD (14) study reported a significant negative relationship between MMSE scores and HA levels in blood. Thus, HA can be one of the pathogens in blood.

4.2 Open-labeled clinical trial

First we should give comments about our supplement.

Our HBF supplement contained Ferulic acid (FA). This FA chemical structure is very similar as that of HA, which can compete HA at NMDA receptor of BBB. In fact the uptake competition between HA and FA of 10 uM in cultured cell of the mouse fetus brain was observed (unpublished observation). Also HBF produced the hydrogen gas in blood which could reduce the sulfite group of HA to homocysteine. In fact the some patients showed the decrease in HA was observed parallel to the increase in homocysteine in blood.

Second we should give comment for double-blind clinical trial for the final stage of AD patients. They cannot understand what happened in their world. In other words, I am sorry to say so, they are almost experimental animal, which can not induce the placebo effect. Also caregivers and doctors also observed the completely their qualitative change of behavior. For example, one patients showed all day comma, but after taking our HBF, they showed awake and said something to neighbors. So in case of final stage of patients, they needed not double-blind test.

Now we can present the clinical trial of brain food which can destroy blood HA on the recovery of cognitive impairment ofAD patients. The results are very impressive. Even the final stage of patient could recover their cognitive behavior, could understand his or her families, and finally could understand the conversations with others. However they still suffered from memory problem. In fact all final stage of patients showed no increasing of MMSE score. All final patients showed 0 score before and after the HBF ingestion. Because the hippocampal structure of a final stage of patients would be destroyed and HBF supplement could not recover the hippocampal structure. From Figure 5, it is clear that MMSE scale measurement is not better than NM scale, because at even MMSE score 0, patients showed the recovery process of NM scale. Because the some cognitive behavior is not dependent on the hippocampal function [20].

However middle stage of patients increased their MMSE score, because their hippocampal activities could be recovered and consequently their MMSE score increased compared with before one.

Our clinical trial can offer the some hopes in AD field. That is, the cognitive impairment of AD can be recovered by the adequate treatments such as brain food or drugs so on. These adequate treatments should destroy the possible pathogens in blood such as HA or beta2-microglobulin. Then this adequate treatment can recover the cognitive reserve abilities of AD patients. Because it knows that the peoples with even Alzheimer’s pathological structure’s brain can show the normal brain works, and it says that this is cognitive reserve ability.

So we present the hope that the adequate treatments for AD can bringback their cognitive reserve abilities.

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors thank their gratitudes to Nurse Nanri in Saga memorial hospital for her devoted care to the patients (Figure 4 case 9- 14).


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